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The Turkish Minority In Bulgaria (1878 - 1908), 1998

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  • Yazar: Ömer TURAN
  • Basım Yılı: 1998
  • Basım Yeri:
  • Cilt / Dizi / Sayı: VII. Dizi, Sayı: 165
  • Dil : İngilizce
  • ISBN : 9751609550
  • Fiziksel Özellikleri : 1.Hamur, 350 Sayfa

  • Ürün Barkodu

Abbreviations

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION OF THE SOURCES

CHAPTER 1: BULGARIA BEFORE THE AUTONOMY

1.1. The Land

1.2. Bulgaria Before the Ottoman Period

1.3. Bulgaria During the Ottoman Period

1.3.1. Turkish Settlements in Bulgaria

1.3.2. The Ottoman Administrative Policy

1.3.3. Bulgaria Under the Ottoman Rule

1.3.4. Bulgaria in the Nineteenth Century

1.4. The Emergence and Rise of Bulgarian Nationalism

 

CHAPTER 2: THE BULGARIAN PRINCIPALITY (1878-1908)

    2.1. Towards the Bulgarian Principality

2.1.1. The April Uprising of 1876 and Its Effects

2.1.2. The Bulgarian Commission

2.1.3. War and Peace

     2.2. The Bulgarian Principality

2.2.1. The Formation of Autonomous Bulgaria

     2.2.2. Eastern Roumelia

2.2.3. The Period of Stambulov and Ferdinand

2.2.4. The Macedonian Question

2.2.5. Towards Bulgarian Independence

 

CHAPTER 3: POPULATION
3.1. The Population of the Danubean Province

     3.1.1. According to the Ottoman Sources

3.1.2. According to the Russian Sources

3.1.3. According to the British and the French Sources

3.2. The Population of the Bulgarian Principality

 

CHAPTER 4: THE INFLUENCE OF THE 1877-1878 RUSSIAN­

    TURKISH WAR

4.1. The Influence of the War

4.2. Turkish Migrations

4.2.1. Migrations During the War

4.2.2. Migrations During the Principality

4.3. The Rhodope Resistance

 

CHAPTER 5: THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE MUSLIMS IN

    THE BULGARIAN PRINCIP ALITY

5.1. The Religious Administration of Muslims

5.1.1. The Temporary Regulation of 1880

5.1.2. The Religious Organization in Eastern Roumelia

5.1.3. The Heritage and Executorship Problems of the Muslims

5.1.4. The Consecutive Regulation Drafts, 1886-1908

5.2. Religious Life

     5.2.1. Conversions

5.2.2. Mosques, Tekkes, and the Muslim Cemeteries

5.3. The Islamic Foundations (Vakıfs)

 

CHAPTER 6: EDUCATION OF MUSLIMS IN THE

     BULGARIAN PRINCIP ALITY

6.1. Education of Muslims Before the Principality

6.2. Education of Muslims During the Principality

6.2.1. The Literacy of Muslims

6.2.2. The Education of Muslims in Eastern Roumelia

6.3. The Education of Muslims in the Bulgarian Principality

6.3.1. Muslim Primary Schools

6.3.1.1. The Financial Conditions of Muslim Schools

6.3.1.2. The Teachers of Muslim Primary Schools

6.3.2. Muslim Secondary Schools (Rüştiyes and Medreses)

6.4. Attempts to Improve Muslim Education in the

        Principality

6.4.1. The Assistance of the Ottoman Government

6.4.2. The Initiatives

6.4.3. The Association of Muslim Teachers in Bulgaria

6.4.4. The New Bulgarian Education Law

 

CHAPTER 7: THEPOLITICAL LIFE AND JOURNALISM OF

    THE TURKS IN THE BULGARIAN PRINCIPALITY

7.1. The Political Life of the Turks in the Principality

7.1.1. The Political Life During the First Years

         7.1.2. Eastern Roumelia

         7.1.3. The Elections

7.1.4. The Muslim Deputies

7.1.5. The Political Rights of the Muslim Gypsies

7.1.6. The Attempts for a Muslim Political Organization

7.2. The Turkish Press in the Bulgarian Principality

 7.2.1. The Turkish Press Before the Principality

7.2.2. The Turkish Journalism in the Bulgarian Principality

7.2.3. The Reader Potential of the Turkish Newspapers in

          Bulgaria

         7.2.4. Why Turkish Journalism in Bulgaria

7.2.5. The Contents of the Turkish Newspapers

7.2.6. The Attitude of Istanbul Towards the Turkish Press

          in Bulgaria

7.2.7. The Attitude of the Bulgarian Authorities

 

CONCLUSION AND FINAL WORDS

ÖZET (SUMMARY IN TURKISH)

BIBLI OGRAPHY

INDEX

APPENDIXES

Appendix 1. Geographical Map of Bulgaria

Appendix 2. Place Names and District Boundaries in Bulgaria

 Appendix 3. Density of the Muslim Population in the Bulgarian

Principality in 1893

Appendix 4. Ethnic Composition of Bulgarian Towns, 1880/84-1910

Appendix 5. Change in the Population Ration of the Bulgarian Cities

Appendix 6. The Other Versions of Place Names

Appendix 7. Glossary of Turkish and Bulgarian Terms

Appendix 8. The List of the Turkish Newspapers Published in Bulgaria During the Principality (1878-1908)

<P>Abbreviations</P> <P>PREFACE</P> <P>INTRODUCTION OF THE SOURCES</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 1</STRONG>: BULGARIA BEFORE THE AUTONOMY </P> <P>1.1. The Land</P> <P>1.2. Bulgaria Before the Ottoman Period</P> <P>1.3. Bulgaria During the Ottoman Period</P> <P>1.3.1. Turkish Settlements in Bulgaria</P> <P>1.3.2. The Ottoman Administrative Policy</P> <P>1.3.3. Bulgaria Under the Ottoman Rule</P> <P>1.3.4. Bulgaria in the Nineteenth Century</P> <P>1.4. The Emergence and Rise of Bulgarian Nationalism</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 2</STRONG>: THE BULGARIAN PRINCIPALITY (1878-1908)</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.1. Towards the Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>2.1.1. The April Uprising of 1876 and Its Effects</P> <P>2.1.2. The Bulgarian Commission</P> <P>2.1.3. War and Peace</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.2. The Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>2.2.1. The Formation of Autonomous Bulgaria </P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.2.2. Eastern Roumelia</P> <P>2.2.3. The Period of Stambulov and Ferdinand</P> <P>2.2.4. The Macedonian Question</P> <P>2.2.5. Towards Bulgarian Independence</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 3</STRONG>: POPULATION<BR>3.1. The Population of the Danubean Province</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.1.1. According to the Ottoman Sources</P> <P>3.1.2. According to the Russian Sources</P> <P>3.1.3. According to the British and the French Sources</P> <P>3.2. The Population of the Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 4</STRONG>: THE INFLUENCE OF THE 1877-1878 RUSSIAN&shy;</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; TURKISH WAR</P> <P>4.1. The Influence of the War</P> <P>4.2. Turkish Migrations</P> <P>4.2.1. Migrations During the War</P> <P>4.2.2. Migrations During the Principality</P> <P>4.3. The Rhodope Resistance</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 5</STRONG>: THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE MUSLIMS IN</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; THE BULGARIAN PRINCIP ALITY</P> <P>5.1. The Religious Administration of Muslims</P> <P>5.1.1. The Temporary Regulation of 1880</P> <P>5.1.2. The Religious Organization in Eastern Roumelia</P> <P>5.1.3. The Heritage and Executorship Problems of the Muslims</P> <P>5.1.4. The Consecutive Regulation Drafts, 1886-1908</P> <P>5.2. Religious Life</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5.2.1. Conversions</P> <P>5.2.2. Mosques, Tekkes, and the Muslim Cemeteries</P> <P>5.3. The Islamic Foundations (Vakıfs)</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 6</STRONG>: EDUCATION OF MUSLIMS IN THE</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; BULGARIAN PRINCIP ALITY</P> <P>6.1. Education of Muslims Before the Principality</P> <P>6.2. Education of Muslims During the Principality</P> <P>6.2.1. The Literacy of Muslims</P> <P>6.2.2. The Education of Muslims in Eastern Roumelia</P> <P>6.3. The Education of Muslims in the Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>6.3.1. Muslim Primary Schools</P> <P>6.3.1.1. The Financial Conditions of Muslim Schools</P> <P>6.3.1.2. The Teachers of Muslim Primary Schools</P> <P>6.3.2. Muslim Secondary Schools (Rüştiyes and Medreses)</P> <P>6.4. Attempts to Improve Muslim Education in the </P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Principality</P> <P>6.4.1. The Assistance of the Ottoman Government</P> <P>6.4.2. The Initiatives</P> <P>6.4.3. The Association of Muslim Teachers in Bulgaria</P> <P>6.4.4. The New Bulgarian Education Law</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P><STRONG>CHAPTER 7</STRONG>: THEPOLITICAL LIFE AND JOURNALISM OF</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; THE TURKS IN THE BULGARIAN PRINCIPALITY</P> <P>7.1. The Political Life of the Turks in the Principality</P> <P>7.1.1. The Political Life During the First Years</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7.1.2. Eastern Roumelia</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7.1.3. The Elections</P> <P>7.1.4. The Muslim Deputies</P> <P>7.1.5. The Political Rights of the Muslim Gypsies</P> <P>7.1.6. The Attempts for a Muslim Political Organization</P> <P>7.2. The Turkish Press in the Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>&nbsp;7.2.1. The Turkish Press Before the Principality</P> <P>7.2.2. The Turkish Journalism in the Bulgarian Principality</P> <P>7.2.3. The Reader Potential of the Turkish Newspapers in </P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Bulgaria</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7.2.4. Why Turkish Journalism in Bulgaria</P> <P>7.2.5. The Contents of the Turkish Newspapers</P> <P>7.2.6. The Attitude of Istanbul Towards the Turkish Press</P> <P>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; in Bulgaria</P> <P>7.2.7. The Attitude of the Bulgarian Authorities</P> <P>&nbsp;</P> <P>CONCLUSION AND FINAL WORDS</P> <P>ÖZET (SUMMARY IN TURKISH)</P> <P>BIBLI OGRAPHY</P> <P>INDEX</P> <P>APPENDIXES</P> <P>Appendix 1. Geographical Map of Bulgaria</P> <P>Appendix 2. Place Names and District Boundaries in Bulgaria</P> <P>&nbsp;Appendix 3. Density of the Muslim Population in the Bulgarian </P> <P>Principality in 1893</P> <P>Appendix 4. Ethnic Composition of Bulgarian Towns, 1880/84-1910</P> <P>Appendix 5. Change in the Population Ration of the Bulgarian Cities </P> <P>Appendix 6. The Other Versions of Place Names</P> <P>Appendix 7. Glossary of Turkish and Bulgarian Terms</P> <P>Appendix 8. The List of the Turkish Newspapers Published in Bulgaria During the Principality (1878-1908)</P>