İletişim +90 312 267 16 11

The Russian, British Chinese And Ottoman Rivalry In Turkestan, 2003

₺26.00 ₺15.60
  • Yazar: Prof. Dr. Mehmet SARAY
  • Basım Yılı: 2003
  • Basım Yeri:
  • Cilt / Dizi / Sayı: Serial VII-No.212
  • Dil : İngilizce
  • ISBN : 9751616684
  • Barkod : 9751616684
  • Fiziksel Özellikleri : 1. Hamur, 435 Sayfa

  • Ürün Barkodu

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I - INTRODUCTION

II – THE RUSSIAN EXPANSION IN TURKESTAN AND CENTRAL ASIA

1) The Beginning of Russia's Southeast Expansion

2) Bariatinskii's Influence

3) Russia Advances and Occupies Khokand

4) Dealing with Bukhara

5) Appeals to Britain and Turkey

6) Capitulation and Consolidation

7) Russia' s Expansion Continued: Occupation of Khiva

8) Russia' s Establishment of the Trans-Caspian Military District in 1874 and Her Advance in Turkmenistan

9) The Russian Invasion of Turkmenistan

10) Conclusion

III- BRITISH POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA

1) Britain Alarmed by Russia's Expansion in the Caucasus

2) Britain Defends Herat Against Russo-Persian Alliance

3) The First British Invasion of Afghanistan

4) Russia's Occupation of Turkestan Forced Britain to Form an Alliance with Afghanistan

5) The British Reaction to the Russian Advance in Turkmenistan

6) Britain's Second Invasion of Afghanistan

7) The End of the British-Russian Rivalry in Central Asia

8) Conclusion

IV - THE CHINESE EXPANSION IN EASTERN TURKESTAN

1) Eastern Turkestan: Historical Background

2) Khokand's Influence in Eastern Turkestan

3) The Rise of Yakub Khan and the Foundation of Independent East Turkestani State (or Amirade of Kashghar)

4) The British, Russian and Ottoman Interest in Eastern Turkestan

a) The British Interest in Eastern Turkestan

b) The Russian Interest in Eastern Turkestan

c) The Ottoman Interest in Eastern Turkestan

5) China's Expansionist Policy in Central Asia

6) General Tso Tsung -t'ang and Invasion of Eastern Turkestan

7) The sudden Dead of Yakub Khan and the Collapse of Kashghar Amirate

8) Conclusion

V - OTTOMAN POLICY IN TURKESTAN

1) The Earliest Phase of Turkish History

2) The Emigration of the Oghuz from Turkestan to the Middle East

3) The Rise of the Uzbek Khanates in Turkestan

4) The Ottoman Policy Toward the Uzbek Khanates

5) Russia's Expension to the Southeast Creates Anxiety Among the Ottomans and Uzbek Khanates

6) The Ottoman Empire and Eastern Turkestan

7) Conclusion

VI - APPENDIX

VII - BIBLIOGRAPHY

VIII – INDEX

<TABLE class=MsoNormalTable style="WIDTH: 91%; mso-cellspacing: 0cm; mso-padding-alt: 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt 3.0pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width="91%" border=0> <TBODY> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS </SPAN><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">I - INTRODUCTION </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">II – THE RUSSIAN EXPANSION IN TURKESTAN AND CENTRAL ASIA </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">1) The Beginning of Russia's Southeast Expansion </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">2) Bariatinskii's Influence </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">3) Russia Advances and Occupies Khokand </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 6"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">4) Dealing with Bukhara </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 7"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">5) Appeals to Britain and Turkey </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 8"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">6) Capitulation and Consolidation </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 9"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">7) Russia' s Expansion Continued: Occupation of Khiva </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 10"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">8) Russia' s Establishment of the Trans-Caspian Military District in 1874 and Her Advance in Turkmenistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 11"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">9) The Russian Invasion of Turkmenistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 12"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">10) Conclusion </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 13"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">III- BRITISH POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 14"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">1) Britain Alarmed by Russia's Expansion in the Caucasus </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 15"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">2) Britain Defends Herat Against Russo-Persian Alliance</SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 16"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">3) The First British Invasion of Afghanistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 17"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">4) Russia's Occupation of Turkestan Forced Britain to Form an Alliance with Afghanistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 18"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">5) The British Reaction to the Russian Advance in Turkmenistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 19"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">6) Britain's Second Invasion of Afghanistan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 20"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">7) The End of the British-Russian Rivalry in Central Asia </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 21"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">8) Conclusion </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 22"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">IV - THE CHINESE EXPANSION IN EASTERN TURKESTAN</SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 23"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">1) Eastern Turkestan: Historical Background </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 24"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">2) Khokand's Influence in Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 25"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">3) The Rise of Yakub Khan and the Foundation of Independent East Turkestani State (or Amirade of Kashghar) </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 26"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">4) The British, Russian and Ottoman Interest in Eastern Turkestan</SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 27"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">a) The British Interest in Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 28"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">b) The Russian Interest in Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 29"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">c) The Ottoman Interest in Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 30"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">5) China's Expansionist Policy in Central Asia </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 31"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">6) General Tso Tsung -t'ang and Invasion of Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 32"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">7) The sudden Dead of Yakub Khan and the Collapse of Kashghar Amirate</SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 33"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">8) Conclusion </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 34"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">V - OTTOMAN POLICY IN TURKESTAN </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 35"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">1) The Earliest Phase of Turkish History </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 36"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">2) The Emigration of the Oghuz from Turkestan to the Middle East </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 37"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">3) The Rise of the Uzbek Khanates in Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 38"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">4) The Ottoman Policy Toward the Uzbek Khanates </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 39"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">5) Russia's Expension to the Southeast Creates Anxiety Among the Ottomans and Uzbek Khanates </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 40"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">6) The Ottoman Empire and Eastern Turkestan </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 41"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">7) Conclusion </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 42"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">VI - APPENDIX </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 43"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">VII - BIBLIOGRAPHY </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR> <TR style="mso-yfti-irow: 44; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"> <TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #ece9d8; PADDING-RIGHT: 3pt; BORDER-TOP: #ece9d8; PADDING-LEFT: 3pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3pt; BORDER-LEFT: #ece9d8; WIDTH: 100%; PADDING-TOP: 3pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ece9d8; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width="100%"> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; TEXT-INDENT: -21.3pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana">VIII – INDEX </SPAN><o:p></o:p></P></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>