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Minorities And The Destruction of The Ottoman Empire, 1993

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  • Yazar: Salâhi R. SONYEL
  • Basım Yılı: 1993
  • Basım Yeri:
  • Cilt / Dizi / Sayı:
  • Dil :
  • ISBN : 975160544X
  • Barkod : 975160544X
  • Fiziksel Özellikleri : 1. Hamur, 537 Sayfa, 3 Resim

  • Ürün Barkodu

Biographieal Note .

Note on the Turkish Alphabet and Names

Glossary of the frequently used Turkish words

 

List of abbreviations

Introduction

Chapter I. Zenith of the Ottoman Empire (1280-1566)

Historieal Background

The conquest of Constantinople

Ottoman society and administration

The Greek Community

The AImenian Community

The Jewish Comm unity

Chapter 2. Period of Decline (1566-1789

Causes of decline

Political and military developments

Reforms in the Empire

The Greek Comm uni ty

Cu/tura/ development of the Orthodox

Economic advancement

The Phanariot (Fener/i

Intngues within the Greek Orthodox Church

Illiteraey and corruption among the Greek clergy

Ethelodu/ia (vo/untary sltıvery)

The missionaries

The prougi system

Riva/ry and conflict among the Christian Churches

The intngues of Greeks with foreign powers

The AImenian Community

The Jewish Community

Chapter 3. The Era of Reforms (1789- 1876)

The Background

The Tanzimat Reforms

The genesis of the 'Eastem Question'

The Greek Community

Be/are the Greek rebellion

                   The ejJects of the Frenc/ı Revolution

             The Greek

The aftermat/ı of the Greek rehellion

Missiananes, the Crimean War, and the Greeks "

                   The A rmenian Community

            The Jewish Community

Chapter 4-. Minorities during the reign of Abdülhamit II and the Young

Turks 1876- 1914-)

            The Background

            The reign of Abdülhamit II

The Young Turk Revolution

The aftermath of the Young Turk Revolution

            The Greek Comm unity

The Armenian Community

The Jewish Community

Chapter 5. The Destmction of the Attornan Empire (1914-1923)

The Great War and its aftermath

            The Greeks

            The Armenians

            The Jews

Conclusion

Sources

Index

                                Map

Map 1        The  rise of the Attornan Empire, i 280- i 683

Map 2        The decline of the Attornan Empire, 1683-1918

Map 3        Turkey according to the abortive    Treaty of Sevres of Lo August 1920

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Biographieal Note .<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Note on the Turkish Alphabet and Names <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Glossary of the frequently used Turkish words <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: right dotted 309.8pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">List of abbreviations<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 17.5pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: right dotted 309.8pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Introduction<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 17.5pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Chapter I</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">. Zenith of the Ottoman Empire (1280-1566) <o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: right dotted 309.8pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Historieal Background<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The conquest of Constantinople<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Ottoman society and administration <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 5.5pt 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Greek Community <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 5.5pt 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The AImenian Community <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">J</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">ewish Comm unity <o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 27.6pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 17.5pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Chapter 2.</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"> Period of Decline (1566-1789<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 72pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Causes of decline <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 72pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Political and military developments <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 72pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Reforms in the Empire <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 72pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Greek Comm uni ty <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <H1 style="MARGIN: 5pt 0cm 0pt 45pt"><EM><FONT size=2><FONT face="Times New Roman">Cu/tura/ development of the Orthodox <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT></EM></H1> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 40.8pt right dotted 306.7pt"><SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"><EM>Economic advancement</EM><o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The Phanariot (Fener/i</SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 40.8pt right dotted 306.7pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Intngues within the Greek Orthodox Church</SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Illiteraey and corruption among the Greek clergy<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></I></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Ethelodu/ia (vo/untary sltıvery) </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The missionaries </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 40.8pt right dotted 306.7pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The prougi system</SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.45pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Riva/ry and conflict among the Christian Churches </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The intngues of Greeks with foreign powers <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></I></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The AImenian Community <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 15.0pt">J</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">ewish Community <o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 27.1pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Chapter 3</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">. The Era of Reforms (1789- 1876) <o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5.25pt 0cm 0pt 45pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Background <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5.25pt 0cm 0pt 45pt; TEXT-INDENT: -27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Tanzimat Reforms <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 0cm; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The genesis of the 'Eastem Question' <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 0cm; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Greek Community<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <H2 style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 42.45pt"><EM><FONT size=2><FONT face="Times New Roman">Be/are the Greek rebellion <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT></EM></H2> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 42.45pt right dotted 329.5pt"><SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"><EM><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">                   </SPAN>The ejJects of the Frenc/ı Revolution</EM><o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: center 79.4pt dotted 252.95pt right 329.5pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">             </SPAN>The Greek </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 42.45pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The aftermat/ı of the Greek rehellion </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 41pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Missiananes, the Crimean War, and the Greeks </SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 6.0pt">"<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 42.45pt right dotted 329.5pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">                   </SPAN>The A rmenian Community</SPAN></I><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt right dotted 329.5pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 9.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">J</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 9.0pt">ewish Community<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5.25pt 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Chapter 4-.</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"> Minorities during the reign of Abdülhamit II and the Young<o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: right 35.45pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"></SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman">Turks 1876- 1914-) <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5.25pt 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt dotted 220.3pt right 329.5pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The Background<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt right dotted 329.5pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The reign of Abdülhamit II<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 26.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">The Young Turk Revolution</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 6.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 26.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The aftermath of the Young Turk Revolution <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt right dotted 329.5pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The Greek Comm unity<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 27.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Armenian Community <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 26.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Jewish Community <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 6.7pt 0pt 26.6pt; TEXT-INDENT: -26.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt">Chapter 5.</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"> The Destmction of the Attornan Empire (1914-1923) <o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 5.25pt 6.7pt 0pt 26.6pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">The Great War and its aftermath <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt right dotted 329.5pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The Greeks<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt right dotted 329.5pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The Armenians<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 26.6pt dotted 228.45pt right 329.5pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">            </SPAN>The Jews</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 7.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 12.7pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Conclusion<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 13.4pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: right dotted 329.0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Sources<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 13.4pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: dotted 206.15pt 226.05pt right 329.0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 8.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Index<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <H3 style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><FONT size=2><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">                                </SPAN>Map<o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT></H3> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 13.4pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 42.6pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Map 1<SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">        </SPAN>The<SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </SPAN>rise of the Attornan Empire, i 280- i 683<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 42.6pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Map 2<SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">        </SPAN>The decline of the Attornan Empire, 1683-1918 <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P> <P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none; tab-stops: 42.6pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">Map 3<SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">        </SPAN>Turkey according to the abortive <SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1">   </SPAN>Treaty of Sevres of Lo August 1920<o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P>